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Cefn Mawr

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Cefn Mawr




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Cefn Mawr is a village in the community of Cefn within the county borough of Wrexham, north-east Wales. The community of Cefn comprises the villages of Cefn Mawr, Acrefair, Penybryn, Newbridge and Rhosymedre and is situated on the northern slopes of the Dee valley.

Cefn Mawr was part of the ancient parish of Ruabon and the area was known as Cristionydd Cynrig (or Cristionydd Kenrick in English). In 1844, most of Cristionydd Cynrig, together with the neighbouring township of Coed Cristionydd became part of the new parish of Rhosymedre. Cefn Mawr is also the origin of the slang word Chead.

Cefn Mawr was formerly heavily industrialised, with large deposits of iron and coal, and heavy industry dominated the area in the 18th and 19th centuries. Iron was worked at several blast furnaces and forges throughout the area and coal was dug at pits in Cefn, Plas Kynaston and Dolydd. Stone was cut at quarries above Cefn Mawr. Much of the mineral wealth of the area was exported by canal over the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct on the Shropshire Union Canal, until the railway reached Ruabon in 1855.

In 1867 Robert Ferdinand Graesser, an industrial chemist from Obermosel in Saxony, established a chemical works at Plas Kynaston to extract paraffin oil and wax from the local shale. The company later expanded into the production of coal tar, carbolic acid and phenol. The site soon became the world's leading phenol producer. In 1919 the US chemical company Monsanto entered into a partnership with Graesser's chemical works to produce vanillin, salicylic acid, aspirin and later rubber. The works is now operated by Flexsys, a subsidiary of Solutia.

Tŷ Mawr Country Park is located in the area, and features the Cefn Viaduct, built by Thomas Brassey in 1848 to carry the Shrewsbury and Chester railway across the valley of the River Dee. The village itself includes a primary school and public library.

The community is home to Newi Cefn Druids FC football club, of the Welsh Premier League. The club has won the Welsh FA Cup on several occasions, from the 1880's to early 1900's. They currently are one of the smaller teams within the Welsh Premier League.

 Football in Cefn Mawr: Newi Cefn Druids FC

 Pubs/Bars in Cefn Mawr:
 Hollybush Inn
       Well Street
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3AE
 01978 822154

 The Kings Head Inn
       King Street
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3BH

 Mill Inn
       Mill Lane
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3NL

 The Old Vaults Inn
       Well Street
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3AE
 01978 821837

 Queens Hotel
       Queen Street
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3BD
 01978 820395

 The Railway Inn
       Railway Road
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3AA

 Libraries in Cefn Mawr:
 Cefn Mawr Library
       Plas Kynaston
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3AT
 01978 820938
 Mon 9.00-6.00 pm
       Tue 2.00-5.30 pm
       Wed 2.00-5.30 pm
       Thur 2.00-5.30 pm
       Fri 9.00-6.00 pm

 Places of Worship in Cefn Mawr:
 Hill Street United Reformed Church
       Hill Street
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3BA
 01978 261915

 Schools/Colleges in Cefn Mawr:
 Cefn Mawr Primary School
       Plas Kynaston Lane
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3PY
 01978 820719

 Ysgol Min-Y-Ddol (Primary)
       Lon Plas Kynmaston
       Cefn Mawr
       LL14 3PA
 01978 820903

Cefn Mawr Park


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