Investors in Cats

Welsh Icons - Islands of Wales
Flat Holm

Welsh Icons
About Wales

and all things Welsh

Flat Holm




Flat Holm (Welsh: Ynys Echni) is a Welsh island lying in the Bristol Channel approximately 3.5 miles from Lavernock Point in Glamorgan. It includes the most southerly point of Wales.

Flat Holm is a small, almost circular island, approximately 500 metres in diameter. It rises in a gentle slope from the exposed western rocky shore to more sheltered easterly cliffs, at the top of which stands the prominent lighthouse.

In the sub-Roman period, it is said to have been a retreat for both Saint Cadoc and his friend, Saint Gildas. Saint Baruc is said to have drowned on a journey to Flat Holm.

In the 1860s the island was fortified with a battery of guns.

On May 13, 1897, Guglielmo Marconi, assisted by George Kemp, a Cardiff Post Office engineer, transmitted the first wireless signals over water from Lavernock (near Penarth in Wales) to Flat Holm. The message sent in Morse code was 'ARE YOU READY.'

Flat Holm has also been the site of a cholera sanatorium, but is now uninhabited and is known for its gulls and shelducks. Boats sail to the island from Barry. There has been a lighthouse on the island since the 18th century, originally built by William Crispe. Lighthouse keepers lived at the lighthouse until it was automated in 1988. An annual service is held to bless the island.

In 1975, South Glamorgan County Council leased the island for the next 99 years, and Flat Holm is now designated as a local nature reserve, as stipulated in that lease.

It is currently run by Cardiff City Council and is home to over 3,000 pairs of lesser black-backed gulls, 300 pairs of herring gulls, 2 pairs of greater black-backed gulls and varying numbers of shelduck and oystercatchers. A large number of song birds also nest and the island has a rich and varied flora and fauna. Residential groups stay at the island from March to October and day trips are also possible.

The name Holm or Holme derives from the Scandinavian for river island. The nearby Steep Holm is considered part of England (Ed�s Note: by some).

Flat Holm Battery
Flat Holm Battery is a series of gun emplacements on Flat Holm Island in the Bristol Channel. Is part of a line of defences built across the channel to protect the approaches to Bristol and Cardiff.

The island was fortified in the 1860s as part of the works suggested in the Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom of 1860. There are four emplacements, running from the northern to southern point of the island along the western coast. In total, nine 7" RMLs were placed on the island. The barracks for the battery were near the southernmost emplacement. This arrangement was vacated in 1901.

On the outbreak of World War II the island was rearmed with four 4.5" guns and associated searchlights to be used for air and close defence. A Radar station was also placed on the island. These works were abandoned after the war and the site has had no military use since.

Flat Holm Society
The Flat Holm Society was set up to compliment the work done by the Flat Holm Project who manage the island.

llustration(s) or photograph(s) viewable Photographs © Ben Salter
Click on an image for a larger view


Comment Script
Post this page to: Yahoo! MyWeb Digg reddit Furl Blinklist Spurl


E-mail (Will not appear online)
;-) :-) :-D :-( :-o >-( B-) :oops: :-[] :-P
[Home] [Food & Drink] [Symbols] [Sport] [Products] [Places] [Buildings] [Artists] [Entertainers] [Events] [Famous Welsh] [Journalists] [Musicians] [Politicians] [Songs] [Writers] [Welsh Info] [About Us] [Vox Pop] [Contact Us] [Forums] [Our Sponsors] [Welsh Produce] [Arts & Crafts]

All copyrights acknowledged with thanks to Wikipedia. Another site by 3Cat Design 2006-2008
Whilst we try to give accurate information, we accept no liability for loss or incorrect information listed on this site or from material embedded on this site from external sources such as YouTube.
If you do spot a mistake, please let us know.
Email: [email protected]


This Space
could be YOURS
From Just �30
a Year

Click Here to
Find Out More

Help us to keep
this Site up and running



Bold Red
Internal Link
External Link

 Admission Charges
 B&B�s/Guest Houses Campsites/Caravans
 Credit Cards
 Disabled Facilities
 Farmers Markets
 Historic Houses
 Opening Hours
 Telephone No.
 Tourist Information
 Web Address
 Welsh Produce
 Youth Hostels
llustration(s) or photograph(s) viewable Illustration(s) or

This Month

October 6th

Ioan Gruffudd (actor) born 1973 in Cardiff

October 8th

Ray Reardon (snooker player) born 1932 in Tredegar

October 11th

Dawn French. Born 1957 Holyhead

October 27th

Dylan Thomas
Born 1914